The Tea Party movement began in 2009 in response to a growing sense of economic insecurity and government spending. The name “Tea Party” was chosen to invoke the Boston Tea Party of 1773, which was a protest against British taxation.
The movement gained momentum in 2010 in the lead-up to the congressional midterm elections, when Tea Party-affiliated candidates made significant gains. Since then, the movement has continued to exert influence on American politics, with Tea Party-backed candidates winning office at all levels of government. The Tea Party movement has been criticized by some as being overly simplistic in its approach to complex problems, but there is no doubt that it has had a major impact on American politics in recent years.